Mushroom Farm: the fungal goldmine
Mushrooms, referred to locally as “khumbi”, are among this arising trimming framework. Mushroom Farm are basically growths, a gathering of life forms unmistakable from plants, creatures and microscopic organisms. They convert unpalatable plant squander into attractive food, which is appreciated because of its gnawing surface and flavor. They structure a total eating regimen as mushrooms contain fundamental nutrients and minerals, and are the best substitute for protein. They additionally contain hints of starches and fat.
Dr Amjad Farooq functions as an associate teacher at the Department of Horticulture of the PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi. He clarifies that, as indicated by gauges, there are in excess of 1,500 kinds of mushrooms found on planet earth – some of them are palatable, yet others are harmful. The four most famous sorts are the button or European mushroom, the Japanese mushroom, the Chinese mushroom farm and the clam mushroom. The best quality mushrooms accessible in Pakistan are the clam mushroom, the white mushroom, the brilliant shellfish mushroom, the phoenix (dim) clam mushroom and the pink shellfish mushroom. These strains develop all around the nation, and are accessible generally after the storm season.
Mushrooms can be developed among October and March. Development doesn’t need land and can be filled in little houses and cottages as low maintenance action. Mushroom development doesn’t need full time-work, and all relatives can care for various activities without any problem. There are two methods of engendering for a mushroom crop: outside field development and controlled development.
Following seven days of development, little pin-like heads rise up out of the mushroom farm, which transform into more mushrooms following three to five days. Branches which grow five to seven inches since quite a while ago, called flushes, are taken out from the plants and dried. These can be utilized in cooking, or can be sold on the lookout. Flushes continue to recover from the plant after at regular intervals of the evacuation of old ones: the cycle is extremely short, and accordingly, exceptionally useful.
“A solitary flush or part of mushroom can yield the greater part a kilogram (kg) of eatable food after every week for a long time,” says Dr Muhammad Nadeem, from the Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF).
In this way, 100 beds of mushroom can yield more than 120kg of mushroom farm seven days. At the pace of Rs150 per kg, they can create a single amount benefit of Rs18,000 every week, or Rs72,000 in a month. Dr Nadeem says the “creation of mushrooms contacts roughly 1.5 million tons on the planet, while around 90 tons of mushrooms are traded to Europe from Pakistan consistently.”
Shellfish mushrooms presently sell for around $6 a pound in the US. A developing space of around 200 square feet can create 800 pounds for each yield; or 5,000 pounds of mushrooms each year. This is worth nearly $30,000 at current costs. Unmistakably developing clam mushrooms for benefit is an incredible way of making some additional money.
In any case, it ought to be remembered that, given the huge assortment of noxious strains of mushrooms, produce ought to be grown distinctly under the oversight of specialists. It is accessible at the UAF, the National Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, the Ayub Agricultural Research Institute and other government research stations.
Ranchers who wish to develop mushrooms should book produce a long time before the development season, since it may not be promptly accessible during the pinnacle request period. The UAF lab has fostered some thermo-open minded strains of the most generally developed button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) and the shellfish mushroom (Pleurotus cystidiosus).
As fundamental preparing is needed for beneficial mushroom development, the Continuing Education Department of the UAF offers a short course appropriate for ranchers. Moreover, the UAF’s Mushroom Lab can be reached for direction and data, and it can give legitimate ideas and proposals to those willing to put resources into this worthwhile business.